Drugs of Tibetan medicine to the villa beds, or How to grow stahis and Scorzonera?

Drugs of Tibetan medicine to the villa beds, or How to grow stahis and Scorzonera?

Recently, in gardens and suburban areas are increasing лікарські рослини, про які ще недавно любителі вітамінів with the beds have not even heard. Not only do they have excellent taste, contain many useful substances, but also relatively easy to cultivate in a median strip, without requiring special agricultural specialties.

Significantly, and sales began to appear in the seeds of these plants and seedlings, but only recently found they could only have fans or brought from abroad. I think that for most gardeners names of these plants all that sounds like something exotic: stahis, Scorzonera. The list can be and continue, but to confine the story about these interesting and promising medicinal plants, besides having excellent taste.

Stahis

Стахис (по латині Stachys, інші назви – Хорог, чістец, китайський артишок) – багаторічна рослина висотою до 60-70 сантиметрів, зовні трохи нагадує м’яту. There are several types stahisov, including decorative, which foods are not used. In China, Mongolia and Japan stahis cultivated since ancient times, in Europe, where it was originally called the Japanese [url = http: //shkolazhizni. ru/archive/0/n-19018/] potatoes 11,111,141. He got recently. In Russia it tried to grow before the revolution, but then long forgotten. More about this remarkably useful plants remembered only in the late 70-ies.

Квітучий стахис Стахис хладостоек, не любить перезволоження і відкритих сонячних місць. Вирощують його заради клубеньков, схожих на невеликі черепашки білястого кольору. В бульби, що нагадують за смаком артишок Contain proteins, carbohydrates, amines, ascorbic acid, the mass of vitamins and minerals. In the food can be eaten and young leaves until they are coarsened.

Grow it with the annual cycle, much the same way as potatoes – with hilling and loosening the soil. When the soil dries out desirable watering. Stahis easily tolerate the cold, so it can be planted as early as April, as soon as the snow melts. Early planting is desirable, because the plant long (up to 150 days) growing season. Incidentally, the plant can overwinter in the soil. Do not be surprised if the spring on beds, from which he dug in the autumn, the shoots will appear from the left in the ground nodules. But the best planting material (large nodules) store in the basement or other cool place, slightly peppered with sand. For the consumption of their store as a normal potato.

Клубеньки стахиса З стахиса можна приготувати безліч страв. Хороший він у вареному і смаженому вигляді, а маринований або солоний не лише смачний, але і виглядає оригінально. Головне ж, що стахис володіє прекрасними лікувальними властивостями, давно використовуваними в китайській і тибетській медицині. Його застосовують при лікуванні гіпертонії (добре знижує артеріальний тиск), хвороб легенів і туберкульозу, захворювань шлунково-кишкового тракту, для зниження рівня холестерину. Normalization of blood glucose and delay its withdrawal, as well as an effective sedative.

Scorzonera

Скорцонера іспанська (по латині Scorzonera hispanica, інші назви – козелец, чорний корінь, чорна морква, солодкий корінь) високий многолетник (до 120 см) з жовтими квітами, пахучими ваніллю And long roots, for which plant and cultivate. In the wild form growing in many parts of Europe and Asia. In the period Crusades Scorzonera used as an antidote, and later only as a medicinal and vegetable plants.

Скорцонера. Старовинний малюнок обробляють як однолітник, крім рослин, залишаються для одержання насіння, що дозрівають на другому році. Для її вирощування потрібно присмачена перегноєм родюча супіщаних або суглинних грунт, яку необхідно перекопувати на велику глибину, так як корінь може досягати 35-40 сантиметрів, і ретельно розпушити. Варто врахувати, що свіжу органіку рослина не любить. В період інтенсивного росту рослини можна підгодувати розведеної у співвідношенні 1 до 6-10 гноївкою. Якщо ж у грунт вносився гній, висаджувати в неї скорцонеру можна тільки на наступний рік. Не любить рослину і деяких городніх «конкурентів», буде погано рости після томатів, моркви. cabbage. Celery.

Seeds are sown Scorzonera possible in the second half of April, as soon as the ground dries out. In principle, if there are vacant be, planting can be carried out in early August. Seeds are buried is not deep, just 1-2 cm long germinating seeds, so you need to make sure that they are not drowned out weeds. When the shoots gain the strength of their thins, leaving between plants is 10 cm Care Scorzonera is not complicated – weeding, watering, fertilization, tilling the soil.

Scorzonera Scorzonera roots dug in late fall before frost. To carry out this operation must be carefully – the roots are long, but injuries kept poorly. Whole roots store, as well as in stahisa, cool, slightly peppered with sand. It can overwinter in the soil, but it is likely that it will arrive before the mouse, it obviously fell on their taste.

Externally, the root of Scorzonera like a long carrot, but black. Inside the root of white, with incision of lactiferous. Taste Scorzonera excellent, but before cooking should be removed from the plant latex. Make is not difficult. Roots Scald, peel appeared to be easy, then 2-3 hours soaked in water.

From Scorzonera possible to prepare various dishes, it blends well with other vegetables, meat and fish. The taste resembles that somewhere between asparagus and cauliflower. For pickling cucumbers, tomatoes, patissons in banks is put on a small piece of Scorzonera, it will make pickles strong and crisp.

As the basis for the preparation of drugs used Scorzonera long time, especially in Chinese and Tibetan medicine, where it is considered almost analogous to the well-known ginseng. In many plant protein, biologically active substances and polysaccharides insulin, a wide range of vitamins and minerals. Therefore, it is used for the normalization of metabolism and diet in diseases of the digestive system, reduce blood sugar levels in diabetes, strengthen the immune system and rapid recovery of strength after illness and operations. There is evidence that Tibetan monks use it to prepare anti-cancer drugs.